A multicenter Europe-wide single-point study in intestinal transplantation (ITx) centers was conducted to identify and describe patients surviving for more than 10 years after ITx in childhood. The health and nutritional status, care requirements and psychosocial status were recorded. Among 120 transplanted before 2005, 38 patients with a functioning graft were included. Thirty (79%) had an exclusive oral diet, seven (18%) complimentary enteral nutrition for eating disorders, and one a combination of parenteral and enteral nutrition. They received a median of five drugs daily and five had a stoma. We did not observe any catch-up growth during the 10 years of follow-up. In the previous five years, 22 patients needed unplanned hospitalization with a median in-patient stay of six days. Eleven needed ongoing psychiatric follow-ups, and nine needed other specialist follow-ups. An increasing independency from parents was seen after the age of 18, with three having a stable employment and 31 pursuing education. Despite a good graft function, growth may not catch up. The burden of medical care remains high in the long term. This has to be closely followed in a multidisciplinary setting to improve long-term quality of life in these patients.
Airway complications remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality after cardiothoracic transplantation. The reported incidence of airway ischemic complications varies widely, contributed to by the lack of a universally accepted grading system and standardized definitions. Furthermore, the majority of the existing classification systems fail to integrate the wide range of possible bronchial complications that may develop after lung transplant. Hence, a Working Group was created by the International Society for Heart and LungTransplantation with the aim of elaborating a universal definition of adult and pediatric airway complications and grading system. One such area of focus is to understand the problem in the context of a more standardized consensus of classifying airway ischemia. This consensus definition will have major clinical, therapeutics, and research implications.
Lung transplantation has become in recent years a therapeutic option for infantswith terminal lung disease with similar results to transplantation in adults.In Spain, since 1996 114 children lung transplants have been performed; this corresponds to3.9% of the total transplant number.The most common indication in children is cystic fibrosis, which represents between 70-80% of the transplants performed in adolescents. In infants common indications areinterstitial lung disease and pulmonary hypertension.In most children a sequential double lung transplant is performed, generally with the help ofextracorporeal circulation. Lung transplantation in children presents special challenges in monitoring and follow-up, especially in infants, given the difficulty in assessing lung function and performing transbronchial biopsies.There are some more specific complications in children like postransplant lymphoproliferative syndrome or a greater severity of respiratory virus infections .After lung transplantation children usually experiment a very important improvement in their quality of life. Eighty eight per cent of children have no limitations in their activity after 3 years of transplantation.According to the registry of the International Society for Heart & Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) survival at 5 years of transplantation is 54% and at 10 years is around 35%.
Children; Cystic fibrosis; Fibrosis quística; Hipertensión pulmonar; Interstitial pneumonia; Lung transplant; Neumopatías intersticiales; Niños; Pulmonary hypertension; Trasplante pulmonar
The Healthcare working group has prepared this data in order to complete the following objectives :
(1) Defining healthcare resources available in every Transplanchild member center including all transplantations active programs, for providing the best healthcare to cases that could eventually require Transplanchild for care.
(2) Focus on high-complex diagnostic methods/techniques , therapeutical procedures and specific transplantation models / variants, accepted for clinical practice but not every center/program might dispose at this moment.
(3) Looking for every center areas of experience / expertise / knowledge to take advantage of it for providing the best healthcare for the clinical cases that required it.
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